Mata de Sesimbra is a project centred on sustainable building, eco-tourism, and nature conservation and reforestation, located in Mata de Sesimbra, a 5000 hectares of nature reserve and reforestation project south of Lisbon, Portugal. It has been the first to be fully endorsed as a One Planet Community. Energy requirements will be reduced by 95% and residents here will be able to live with a wholly sustainable ecological footprint. It will also enable tourism within a “One Planet budget”.
Within the team of architects, landscape designers, economists and sociologists MIC performed a broad survey both in a wider and local scale conditions in terms of transport and people’s movements. The first stage of the study considered understanding the people’s moving behavior in the city scale which taking in consideration the scale of the study area can’t be neglected. Outlining the future mobility actions required understanding of how many trips are already loading both the private and public transport access network, as well as highlighting the axes with the greatest potential. Then focusing on the masterplan the studies aimed to identify the major site weakness and strengths; traffic/public transport/pedestrian counts to define the quantities; interviews to understand people’s behaviors. The basic guideline of the Artkvartal transport planning was to mostly rely on public transport for the main accessibility to the masterplan in order to avoid loading excessively the already congested external road network and promoting alternative mobility means.
Besides each of 11 districts was treated as a single organism, taking in to account it’s vocation, landuse, strategic position and predisposition. For instance “Razguliay” district took the role of the green lungs of the masterplan, becoming fertile soil for sustainable mobility, walkability and cycle corridors when “Basmanniy” is the most central access point developed as a multi-modal interchange hub of ArtKvartal.